"Documentary films are written four times. The first time you write it is when you conceive your questions because those questions have to lead to a narrative. You have to know that the answers of your subject are going to start piecing together the film. The second part is when you get the transcripts back [from the interviews]. I highlight them and start to puzzle all the different bites together. Where there is a break and it needs to be redirected, you write the voice-over. That is the third part of the process. The fourth time you write is when you are in the edit bay and you look at the footage. You do it all over again. It is really about taking your subjects' voices and giving them narrative.”

– Stacy Peralta
(Made in America; Riding Giants)

The WGAW is committed to increasing documentary film and low budget screenwriters' status and influence within the film industry. We seek to expand writers' coverage through the use of the WGA's Documentary Screenplay Contract and Low Budget Agreement for films budgeted at $1.2 million and below. These agreements were revised in 2013 to include certain work-for-hire situations, reduced upfront payments, and a flexible deferment definition.

Read a financial summary of the Documentary Screenplay Contract and the Low Budget Agreement.

DOCUMENTARY SCREENPLAY CONTRACT

The Documentary Screenplay Contract is a contract designed to meet the demands of the documentary film business as well as ensure the rights and benefits for writers of theatrically released documentaries budgeted at $1.2 million or below.

Read about how the Documentary Screenplay Contract works and obtain the filing documents.

THE DOCUMENTARY SCREENPLAY AWARD

First presented in 2005, the WGA Documentary Screenplay Award was established to spotlight the writer’s primary role in documentary filmmaking’s creative process, recognize the fact that the majority of non-fiction feature films are written, and highlight the benefits of working under a Writers Guild contract.

The Documentary Screenplay Award is presented – along with film, TV, new media, radio, news, videogame, promo, and graphic animation awards categories – at the Writers Guild Awards at simultaneous ceremonies in Los Angeles and New York City.

See a list of previous winners & nominees and submission details. A Writers Guild contract is required for eligibility.

WORKING IN NONFICTION

Whether you are nonfiction writer working on basic cable, PBS, or for a feature film documentary, you can have your work protected by a WGA contract. The Guild has negotiated dozens of agreements for low budget nonfiction programming. Don't let the companies tell you they can't afford a WGA agreement. Call us first.

If you have a question about a particular company that you are considering working with, call (323) 782-4511 or email: Member Organizing.

NONFICTION WRITERS CAUCUS

The Nonfiction Writers Caucus was formed to enhance and protect the rights of documentary writers and filmmakers, and those writing basic cable nonfiction and network reality programs. The caucus is open to WGA members and non-members who have worked in the nonfiction arena.

Find out about the benefits joining the Nonfiction Writers Caucus.

NONFICTION PRODUCERS

The WGA is actively working with producers to negotiate agreements covering nonfiction programming at all budget levels. The Guild has negotiated deals covering hundreds of hours of programming. If you have questions about hiring nonfiction writers, call (323) 782-4511 or email: Member Organizing.

HELPFUL LINKS

International Documentary Association

Film Independent

Sundance Institute Documentary Film Program

For more helpful links, read our list of Industry Organizations.